Can Capital and Deep-science align to solve Massive problems of Earth?

Minimal capital has been directed towards problems that affect maximum. Best of brains and money are solving how to increase the click-through rate of digital ads while 9 out of 10 people on earth breathe polluted air.

Why has technology not been able to keep pace with the rising pollution levels? How can the incentive systems be aligned to ensure that the problems related to clean air, food, water, and energy are solved? What is preventing breakthrough innovation to provide clean and affordable power?

What are the ways in which Government is thinking to promote deep-science in these sectors? What are the plans in terms of budget and targets? The challenges that humanity faces are unprecedented and requires immense work in
a way that is sustainable, how can this be made possible?